Discover Exactly Why Extra Instruction For Your Workers Can Be Critical

Business owners always try to find ways in order to enhance efficiency as well as earnings. Cutting corners are only able to work for so long until it is no longer safe and secure to try and do or perhaps helpful. Nevertheless, there are certainly various other choices for companies who want to do much more and also bring in more money. As opposed to finding shortcuts and also damaging the organization because of this, they might need to look into decoupled molding training courses designed to help their own employees have the expertise they’ll need in order to do much more whenever they may be at work.

Organizations need to have a high level of efficiency to be able to endure. Even so, getting this high level of productiveness is not always an easy task to achieve. They must make certain their employees recognize exactly how to do their own job effectively as well as understand just what they may do in order to avoid problems that can trigger downtime and a decrease in efficiency. Studying a lot more about the devices, just how to use them effectively, as well as how to use them far more economically will be a large section of scientific molding training and is most likely to allow the workers to do much more without cutting corners or perhaps failing to focus on crucial details. What this means is the goods are usually a much better quality and also are produced faster, which is likely to make an impression on the consumers.

Businesses furthermore have to be mindful of their profits and also in addition look for solutions to bring in brand new clients. Nevertheless, if it’s taking too much time to be able to get the jobs done, they don’t have enough time to be able to seek out brand-new consumers to be able to boost their own earnings. With injection molding training, the personnel are usually better at their task and also recognize precisely what to do to get the tasks done faster and with fewer issues. The more rapidly the jobs are accomplished, as well as carried out properly, the more clients the organization can take on, which means the more revenue the organization will have.

Business owners that are concerned with their own efficiency and also income will not desire to cut corners because this can result in difficulties and a decrease in clientele. Alternatively, they’re going to wish to browse the injection molding seminars available now to be able to locate the appropriate education for their employees. With the correct instruction, they can achieve their particular goals easily.

Just How To Be Sure Your Business Is Going To Do Well Against The Competition

Organizations need to continue to be competitive. They’ll want to make sure they are able to do nearly as much as or even a lot more than competing companies to be able to make certain they obtain the work from their particular consumers. Businesses who desire to remain ahead of the game may want to ensure they receive added instruction for their particular staff members. This may have a significant quantity of added benefits for the personnel as well as for the business. Businesses who commit to scientific molding training for their staff members ensure their particular understanding will be totally current.

Workers who undergo further instruction are going to be far more knowledgeable, pleased with their own jobs, and better able to work together with their own coworkers. The added understanding they’ll acquire can make it much easier for them to do their own job and can help them to work more quickly with fewer concerns. They’re in addition most likely going to truly appreciate the additional training as it displays they are valued by the business. Once they know a lot more regarding the jobs and also the duties involved in molding, they’re able to also work much better with their colleagues because they will all know precisely what each other has to accomplish and can assist if perhaps any person needs it.

Soon after the scientific molding seminars, companies may notice many advantages also. The personnel can know just what to achieve to enhance productivity, lessen downtime from difficulties with the device, and reduce the volume of waste that’s produced. This all adds up to a lot and permits the business to undertake a lot more projects. It also lets them complete jobs faster and with better accuracy, meaning their particular consumers are going to come back to them over and over, and stay away from going to competitive organizations for their jobs.

All round, scientific molding classes could be unbelievably advantageous for employees as well as companies. It enables the businesses to continue to be competitive and to continue to accept far more work. The more educated the personnel are, the better the business can manage. If perhaps you would like to find out more about the added benefits or enroll in extra education for your own employees, have a look at the injection molding training today. There are programs to suit any kind of schedule, so you’ll be certain to locate just what you will require.

how to make certain late paying consumers dont affect your company

If you have an e-commerce store or a website selling services, conversion is a huge deal for you. Conversions on a website simply means that your visitors are taking the actions you want them to. They are interacting, making decisions and buying. On the contrary, if they are simply going through pages, clicking haphazardly and then leaving your site without pushing the buttons you want them to, then all you really have is a glorified brochure.

If you find that your website is doing nothing to help grow your business, you are probably committing some terrible mistakes. Unfortunately, when you’re so intimately involved with your business and website, it may be difficult to see the little things that aren’t really working. If you’re not getting those conversions, your website doesn’t really matter. Here are 5 web design mistakes that could be killing your conversion rates.

While it may be cute to get clever about where you place certain information or how you name the items on your navigation, a new visitor may not be privy to your sense of humor or your company’s culture. Calling your Blog “the Barnyard” will most likely mean nothing to a new visitor, so don’t get too fancy.

It’s important to dummy-proof your website by creating a logical flow of where things go. Your home page should tell me right away, what you have to offer, and give me a little information on what you do. Keep your menu simple, such as About Us, Services or Products, Blog Contact Us and so forth.

Call-to-Action, as it pertains to internet marketing, is all about giving instruction to the visitor to trigger an immediate response or action. This call-to-action should prompt visitors to do something, such as checking out your new items, filling out a form, subscribing to a newsletter or making a purchase.

According to the book Neuromarketing: Understanding the Buy Buttons in Your Customer’s Brain, action verbs such as Call Now, or Add to Cart appeals to the primitive parts of our “lizard” brains which still powers many of our actions. There is an inherent part of us that prefers to be given direction. These short cuts allow us to make decisions faster and more assuredly.

If you want sales and sign-ups, simply lead visitors through the use of well-placed buttons with action verbs and great color choices. In other words, tell us what you want us to do as soon as we get there. This leads us to the third mistake that could be killing your conversion.

This is quite a common mistake made on websites. There may be too many calls-to-action or just too much information all together. The trend in web design today is leaning towards a more simplistic stream-lined aesthetic with big bold images and buttons. This is because studies have shown that when faced with too many decisions, consumers prefer to walk away and make none at all.

This probably goes back to that primitive part of our brains that requires easy and fast direction. Too many choices can be overwhelming and out of fear of making a bad choice, we prefer not to make one at all. Consider how detrimental that could be to your conversion rate if visitors feel like this when they stumble on to your website.

Try to take an objective look at your website, especially the home page. Is it simple and easy to sift through or is it cluttered and disorganized? Are there a couple of choices to make, or is there too much to pay attention to all at once? Consider some of the best ways you can help your prospective customer find and get what they showed up for easily and quickly.

If your website were a physical store, would customers want to stay and hang around? Or would they show up, flip through some things and move on to the next shop. You may have great products and services to offer, but if you’re not presenting it in an inviting and enticing manner, you could be literally, leaving money on the table.

The reality is, people pay for pretty. When you think of products such as Apple and Louis Vuitton, people are willing to pay top dollar simply because of their status… and part of that status comes from the beauty of their products. They are well designed and made with high quality materials.

Though your products or service may not be geared towards the high-end market, there is built-in value in beauty that you can take advantage of. Great design also helps create trust because it says that you care. Give your visitors a high-end experience without high-end pricing to promote brand loyalty. People also like to share great finds so keep this in mind. Social shares are literally free publicity. Although not direct, your appearance ultimately plays a role in producing high conversions.

Most people treat their About Us page as an after thought, when in actuality, it is one of the most important pages on your site.

Nielsen Norman Group reported that user satisfaction for websites have dropped from 5.2 to 4.6 on a scale of 1 to 7 simply because today, people expect more. Perhaps social media has had something to do with this shift. We want to know more about companies, get personal and intimate with them, take a peak behind the curtains and be a part of their process. As a result, two lines of generic words about who you are just won’t cut it anymore.

Your about us page should serve as a speed date with your visitors giving them a reason to want to do business with your company and then take it a step further by connecting with you on as many channels available. Wow and woo them.

An About Us page that doesn’t help the visitor learn more about you and doesn’t illicit emotion or the desire to take action, will ultimately affect your ability to convert visitors into customers or clients.

All in all, your website needs to be more than a web address with content and photos on it. If you want to convert visitors into buyers and believers, you must create an online experience that is easy to navigate, gives clear call-to-action cues, helps us find what we want, gives us a reason to stick and around and purchase from you.

A Tablet to Surmount Being Overweight – Apettite supressant 37.5 mg

Many of us crave for the best and healthful entire body. Losing weight is similar to a desire turn up right for overweight people. Also i was flabby in the past. My thickness normally ended up me in the combating state. The concern of dealing with humiliation quit me from socializing with pals and attending events. Just like a end result I absent my do it yourself-self-assurance and our figure was smashed. I became more than-whelmed with delight each time a buddy unveiled me for some weight reducing medicine. I could it and also the benefits have been splendid. Due to Apettite supressant 37.5 mg from http://aguirreforgovernor.com!
A nourishing ideas is located within the balanced entire body. Issues a shape that is hale and hearty, you will for sure have a very very good mindset towards existence. You may typically be effectively groomed having an influential persona. Nowadays, the maximum amount of more plus more folks are obtaining well being informed, the spot of medical scientific disciplines has surfaced with various techniques for getting overweight problems. Phantermine- a minimizing medicine is an appropriate solution for your extreme bodyweight.
Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams from http://gettingtherefromhere.info is a legitimate sympathomimetic amine, just like amphetamine. Additionally it is recognized for anorectic or anorexigenic medicine. It acts for urge for food suppressant which is useful for fat visitors to reduce excess weight inside the brief span of your time. It energizes the anxious technique expanding your center cost and blood vessels strain, consequently decreasing your craving for food.
The body weight reducing substance- Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  ought to be employed for that short time period say to the fortnight. It should be consumed like a component of physician-carefully guided fat loss program say for example a little excess fat eating habits and repeated workouts. Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  is obtainable in numerous colours within the level of tablets and capsules also. The pharmacist typically holds the treatments in 3 talents- 15mg, 30mg and 37.5 milligram. Allow your medical professional pick which 1 is suitable available for you based on your weight, height and also other well being issues.
It is important to get Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  below the guidance of one’s health-related specialist only. The treatments really should be ingested in correct amount specifically as directed by your doctor. Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  ought to get saved at room temperature out of high temperature and wetness. Phentermine 37.5 mg  is normally applied to empty belly when or double within the time. It is necessary to have the cures creating a full goblet of normal water. Avoid getting a dose from the nighttime since it may possibly trigger sleeping disorders. Don’t smash or munch the capsule. Digest it entire. In the event you skip a serving by no means endeavor getting a twice.
Someone might not have the ability to get Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  if you’ve any through the up coming difficulties:
o High-pressure  o Heart disease  e Arteriosclerosis  e Glaucoma  e Reputation medicine or alcohol abuse
Nursing parents really should talk to their physician just before Phentermine 37.5 milligram , since it can pass into breasts milk and will have an impact on your brand-new-created toddler. Warns need to be used on time of traveling or working machines. You can find probability of Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  producing faintness, uneasyness or fuzzy eye-sight. If any sexual affair final results are skilled on your side prevent carrying out unsafe actions. Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  functions just like a speculate pill to surmount greater than being overweight.

A Tablet to Surmount Being Overweight – Apettite supressant 37.5 mg

Many of us crave for the best and healthful entire body. Losing weight is similar to a desire turn up right for overweight people. Also i was flabby in the past. My thickness normally ended up me in the combating state. The concern of dealing with humiliation quit me from socializing with pals and attending events. Just like a end result I absent my do it yourself-self-assurance and our figure was smashed. I became more than-whelmed with delight each time a buddy unveiled me for some weight reducing medicine. I could it and also the benefits have been splendid. Due to Apettite supressant 37.5 mg from http://aguirreforgovernor.com!
A nourishing ideas is located within the balanced entire body. Issues a shape that is hale and hearty, you will for sure have a very very good mindset towards existence. You may typically be effectively groomed having an influential persona. Nowadays, the maximum amount of more plus more folks are obtaining well being informed, the spot of medical scientific disciplines has surfaced with various techniques for getting overweight problems. Phantermine- a minimizing medicine is an appropriate solution for your extreme bodyweight.
Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams from http://gettingtherefromhere.info is a legitimate sympathomimetic amine, just like amphetamine. Additionally it is recognized for anorectic or anorexigenic medicine. It acts for urge for food suppressant which is useful for fat visitors to reduce excess weight inside the brief span of your time. It energizes the anxious technique expanding your center cost and blood vessels strain, consequently decreasing your craving for food.
The body weight reducing substance- Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  ought to be employed for that short time period say to the fortnight. It should be consumed like a component of physician-carefully guided fat loss program say for example a little excess fat eating habits and repeated workouts. Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  is obtainable in numerous colours within the level of tablets and capsules also. The pharmacist typically holds the treatments in 3 talents- 15mg, 30mg and 37.5 milligram. Allow your medical professional pick which 1 is suitable available for you based on your weight, height and also other well being issues.
It is important to get Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  below the guidance of one’s health-related specialist only. The treatments really should be ingested in correct amount specifically as directed by your doctor. Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  ought to get saved at room temperature out of high temperature and wetness. Phentermine 37.5 mg  is normally applied to empty belly when or double within the time. It is necessary to have the cures creating a full goblet of normal water. Avoid getting a dose from the nighttime since it may possibly trigger sleeping disorders. Don’t smash or munch the capsule. Digest it entire. In the event you skip a serving by no means endeavor getting a twice.
Someone might not have the ability to get Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  if you’ve any through the up coming difficulties:
o High-pressure  o Heart disease  e Arteriosclerosis  e Glaucoma  e Reputation medicine or alcohol abuse
Nursing parents really should talk to their physician just before Phentermine 37.5 milligram , since it can pass into breasts milk and will have an impact on your brand-new-created toddler. Warns need to be used on time of traveling or working machines. You can find probability of Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  producing faintness, uneasyness or fuzzy eye-sight. If any sexual affair final results are skilled on your side prevent carrying out unsafe actions. Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  functions just like a speculate pill to surmount greater than being overweight.

Athens – What To See And How To See It

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There are so many aspects of current civilization that were birthed in ancient Athens. Among these are theatre, philosophy, democracy, classical art and even the Olympic games. Athens is located on the southern coast of Greece and has existed for over 7,000 years providing a rich culture expressed in a diverse setting. The term diverse fits as you will find ancient relics and sites in some of the same areas where there are trendy boutiques and sidewalk cafes all mixed in together. This mixture of the very old and the new create a very unique experience provided nowhere in the world like it is provided in the ancient city of Athens. You will need to be sure your passport is up to day so if you need to add passport pages, be sure to go online and access a passport site to help you with this so you can be on you way.

World travel requires a passport but computers have simplified all passport needs. Even if you have to get an emergency passport, an online passport is available to help you. No one plans to have their travel documents lost or stolen but if this happens, help is as close as the nearest computer.

Athens is a city that contains many sites that make history come alive so this is certainly the ideal place for lovers of history to visit. High on top of the Acropolis you will find the Parthenon. This famous sight has earned the honor of being named as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Investigating these ruins takes you back to sights names in Greek Mythology related to gods and goddesses, the titans and many other mythological characters. Admission to this site also opens the Theatre of Dionysus, the Roman Agora and the Temple of Olympian Zeus to the traveler.

Being the birthplace of the performing arts, it is no wonder that the arts and culture are very important to the Athenians. While the National Gallery is certainly large and well known, many smaller art galleries populate the city. Athens is also host to approximately 148 theatres so if you are in the mood for a show, the difficult part will be which performance to see. Among the theatres is the famous Herodes Atticus Theatre.

Using a bike or even walking around this city is a wonderful way to see the sights. Green space is always welcome when you travel to big cities and the National Garden of Athens provides an exceptional treat. Within it can be found a small zoo, ponds with ducks, colorful flowers and beautiful landscape with no shortage of a shady tree to relax under and consider the sights of the day.

For those who would like to shop till your drop, your experience will be a little different in Athens. Rather than large malls and strip centers, you will find street vendors selling custom crafts rather than name brand items. Some of the most visited markets are found on Plaka, Kolonaki and Ermou Street. You will find endless selections of shoes, purses and jewelry if you visit here and the quality will certainly not disappoint you.

Authentic cuisine is always interesting in a foreign city and Athens is no exception to this rule. Known for their souvlaki, which is comprised of grilled meat, veggies and a special yogurt sauce, this Athenian staple is considered a treat by all who try it.

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Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi

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Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.

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The Acropolis – Athens, Goddess Athena

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Archaeologists tell us that the original city of Athens was situated on the Acropolis. Even in classical times, the Athenians still referred to this area as “the City.” The city of Athens and its patron goddess emerge into the light of history as inseparably coupled. In Mycenaean times each city was built around a central palace, and each palace was under the protection of its patron goddess. Athena was the goddess of the palace on the Acropolis. The names of the city and its goddess are essentially the same: Athena was Athens, and Athens was Athena. She was “The Athenian.” The ancient Athenians seem to have exhibited, during much of their history, precisely those virtues which they traditionally attributed to her. This may be because, when the Athenians imagined their goddess, they did so in their own image.

According to the myth, Zeus fell in love with a beautiful titaness, Metis (“Cunning Intelligence”). Although she repeatedly changed her shape to avoid his unwelcome attentions, as was his way, he persisted. In the end he caught up with her and raped her.

An oracle then announced that Metis would bear Zeus two children: first a daughter then, a son, and the son would be mightier than his father. Just as Zeus had once overthrown and dispossessed his own father, Chronos, so he was destined in his turn, to be overthrown by his own son. In a desperate attempt to avoid sharing his father’s fate, Zeus gave Metis a potion of drugged ambrosia, and then swallowed her whole.

Some time afterwards a terrible headache came upon him. In great pain, he sought the advice of Hermes, whose only suggestion was that Hephaestos, the smith of the gods, should open his head in order to allow the cause of his pain to escape. Zeus was so desperate that even this drastic remedy was preferable to doing nothing, and Hephaestos was duly summoned to cleave open Zeus’ head with his mighty axe. When he did so, to the astonishment of all the immortals, Athena sprang out with a great war-cry, fully-formed, wearing armour and bearing arms.

Zeus’ daughter not only became the patron of many arts at that time normally considered masculine preserves, such as ceramics, she was also credited with a distinctly unfeminine warlike nature. When the Olympian gods were faced with a titanic struggle against the giants, Athena played a major role in the war, defeating the giant Enkelados in single combat. She came to be depicted not merely as a virgin goddess, but, as an ancient Roman writer put it, as a virago: as a female capable of playing a leading role in a world dominated by men.

It came to be said that the reason for the birth of this goddess lay in a wager between Zeus and his consort, Hera, as to which of them could generate the better progeny entirely alone and unaided. By herself, Hera managed to produce only the crippled god, Hephaestos and a monster; while Zeus was able to bring forth, in Athena, one of the greatest of the Immortals.

This seems to have been a picturesque reference to a widespread belief, which was to appear later in the works of the philosopher Aristotle: that the father alone is responsible for generating his children, and for providing them with their inherited characteristics, and that their mother affords them nothing more than a temporary shelter and sustenance in her womb during her pregnancy.

This is a striking example of the strong climate of male chauvinism which dominated the early classical period in ancient Greece, which is very evident in myth and legend.

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Are You Prepared to Offer Your Home for the Exact Max Amount?

Never neglect the property examination when getting commercial or individual property. Specialists can’t anxiety enough precisely how essential that is to be able to get the home evaluation, whether youre getting any fixer-upper or maybe or a thing brand brand-new. The owner most most likely will handle any expenses of the problem in which pops upward. If you’re putting a good offer inside, make this subject in order to a property inspection, and so that technique nobody otherwise is heading to jump in as well as take the particular property out and about from underneath you, and also it presents you plenty of time in order to make certain the home is really a fine investment.

Get for you to know typically the neighborhood just before purchasing. Nothing comes even close to actually going for walks the community prior to be able to getting within the neighborhood. Pounding the actual pavement may give a person a crystal clear image since to just how noisy this is, the actual density involving traffic as well as what your own personal neighbors tend to be like. Acquiring to understand the natives will present you that will insider information as to be able to whether or maybe not this specific is typically the kind associated with neighborhood a person want to be able to raise your own personal family inside. An individual may click to read more. Straightforward steps help make a enormous difference and also could prospect to the sold indication on your own house.

Ancient History – Athens

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Archaeologists have found evidence that Athens has been inhabited from at least the fifth millennium BC. The site would have been attractive to early settlers for a number of reasons: its location in the midst of productive agricultural terrain; its closeness to the coast and the natural safe harbour of Piraeus; the existence of defensible high ground, the Acropolis (from akron and polis, or ‘city on the high ground’); and the proximity of a natural source of water on the north-west side of the Acropolis.

Traces of Mycenaean fortifications from the thirteenth century AC can still be seen on the Acropolis, including some foundations belonging to what must have been a palatial structure. The fortifications, known as the ‘Pelasgian’ walls (after the indigenous people believed to have built them before the arrival of the Greeks around 2000 BC), remained in use until the Persian Wars of 490-480 BC. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

There was a decline of Mycenaean society across the Greek world around the end of the twelfth century BC. Whether this was directly connected with the Trojan War (around 1184 BC), or the so-called Dorian Invasion thought to have taken place soon after this conflict, Athens does not appear to have succumbed to an attack. The Mycenaean royal family of Pylos is said to have taken refuge in Athens after their city’s fall to the Dorians. One of its members, Codros, became king of his adoptive city.

The collapse of Mycenaean civilization left Greece in political, economic and social decline, accompanied by loss of artistic skills, literacy and trade networks. The Mycenaean form of writing, known as Linear B, was completely forgotten, and the Greek alphabet did not emerge until the late eighth century BC as the new form of writing. At this time city states began to emerge throughout the Greek world, governed by oligarchies, or aristocratic councils. Thirteen kings ruled in Athens after Codros, until in 753 BC they were replaced by officials with a ten-year term, known as decennial archons, and in 683 BC by annually appointed eponymous archons.

Conflict between the oligarchs and the lower classes, many of whom had been reduced to slavery, led to a series of reforms that paved the way for the emergence of the world’s first true democracy. Around 620 BC the lawmaker Dracon set up wooden tablets on the Acropolis known as axones. These were inscribed with civil laws and punishments so harsh that the death penalty was prescribed even for minor crimes, giving rise to the term `draconian’ which is still used today. Dracon’s intervention did little to ensure order, prompting representatives of the nobles and lower classes in 594 BC to appoint the statesman and poet Solon as archon.

Solon terminated aristocratic rule, setting up a representational government where participation was determined not by lineage or bloodline, but wealth. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved. Solon created a `Council of Four Hundred’ from equal numbers of representatives of the Ionian tribes to which the Athenians claimed to belong, and instituted four classes of citizenry.

Peisistratos, Solon’s younger cousin, became tyrant (tyrannos) of Athens in 545 BC. He ensured the Solonian constitution was respected and governed benevolently. After Peisistratos’ death, however, things took a negative turn and anti-Peisistratid sentiment grew. By 510 BC King Cleomenes of Sparta was asked to assist in deposing Peisistratos’ son Hippias. Hippias sought refuge in Persia at the court of King Darius.

Soon after, the aristocrat Cleisthenes promised to institute further reforms giving a more direct role to citizens in government. His reforms were passed in 508 BC, and democracy was established in Athens. A new `Council of Five Hundred’ (the Boule) replaced the ‘Council of Four Hundred’, with equal representation from the various tribes. Cleisthenes is also credited with instituting the system of ostracism, which ‘voted’ an individual considered dangerous to democracy into exile for ten years.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eighth century BC a modest temple (or perhaps more than one) stood on the plateau. The oldest and holiest cult image on the Acropolis was the statue of Athena Polias (Protectress of the City), a crude olive-wood figure, so old that Athenians of the Classical period believed it had either fallen from heaven or been made by Cecrops or Erichthonios. This sacred image of Athena was ritually ‘dressed’ every year in a peplos, a sacred robe, as part of the Panathenaic festival.

A temple is thought to have been built around 700 BC to the south of the later, Classical Erechtheion, to house the statue of Athena Polias. The first major building of which there are significant remains on the Acropolis was the so-called ‘Bluebeard Temple’, built in the Archaic period around 560 BC. The ‘Bluebeard Temple’ is thought by some to have stood to the south of the later Erechtheion. Ancient texts mention a mysterious building or precinct contemporary to the ‘Bluebeard Temple’, called the Hecatompedon, or ‘Hundred-footer’. Whatever this structure or place was, it gave its name to the principal room of the Classical Parthenon, perhaps because the later building occupies the same site.

With the expulsion of Hippias a new temple was built on the Acropolis, its foundations still visible to the south of the later Erechtheion. This building, the Archaios Naos, or ‘ancient temple’, is likely to have been deliberately commissioned around 506 BC as a replacement for the ‘Bluebeard Temple’.

The first Persian invasion of 490 BC saw the victory of the Athenians at the battle of Marathon against the forces of King Darius of Persia. The following year the elated Athenians leveled an area on the south side of the Acropolis and began construction of the Old Parthenon. A new gateway to the Acropolis was also commenced, known as the Old Propylaia.

This post-Marathonian building program on the Acropolis came to a violent end in 480 BC when Xerxes, son of King Darius, led a second Persian invasion of Greece. Athens had to be evacuated and Xerxes razed the city and buildings on the Acropolis. Under the command of Themistocles, the Athenians destroyed the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis. Victory over the Persians was ensured after the battle of Plataea (479 BC), to the northwest of Athens, when a combined Greek army annihilated the Persians.

In the aftermath of the battle of Plataea, a vow was made by the victors never to rebuild the shrines that were destroyed in the war, preserving them instead as memorials for later generations.

Pericles, who was a general and statesman, came to power in Athens around 461 BC. He considered the oath of Plataea to have been fulfilled, as thirty years had elapsed from the Persian invasion, and proceeded to reconstruct the temples on the Acropolis. He gathered together the best architects and artists in the city and plans were drawn up to erect new buildings that would outshine those torn down by the Persians. The Periclean building programme enhanced the lower city with new monuments, such as the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Theseion, and the Painted Stoa or Poikile situated near the Agora (marketplace).

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